Wilson is the highest award distributed by the ASCB and it means too much to ASCB members, who identify that our science is both collaborative and shaped by exceptional individuals. These three are outstanding. Early in his profession, Satir made main breakthroughs using the then-novel technology of electron microscopy to visualize the well-known 9+2 cross-section of bundled microtubules in the flagellum, the whip-like extensions that travel motile cells like sperm, or in the ciliary cells that line human airways, sweeping out debris in synchronized waves. Satir discovered that the microtubules in the bundle move by sliding past each other, proving they were powered simply by a one-way motor protein called dynein right now. Satir's continued work and continued insistence that ciliary actions was central to numerous life processes led to the discovery by other experts in 2000 that defects in nonmotile cilium, cells with a single nonmoving antenna, were in the root of a common, lethal individual disorder, polycystic kidney disease .The scholarly study examined ICU specimens from patients at risk for developing pneumonia. But the scholarly study used a surveillance style, rather than looking forward to symptoms to emerge before tests patient specimens. Investigators acquired bronch-alveolar lavage specimens with a flexible telescoping plastic catheter almost every other day to determine if they could detect a fresh, emerging contamination before symptoms arose. The goal was to determine whether early detection of a new infection could lead to a change in medication choices. Present criteria of care require intensive care doctors to use a standard regimen of powerful, broad-spectrum antibiotics without first having lab guidance. By the time culture results arrive , the patient’s outcomes are already determined. With rapid assistance, the physician might more choose therapy on the first day accurately, or actually before symptoms emerge.